All Laws are current as of September 1, 2011
The Conflict of Interest legal framework in the Republic of Papua New Guinea is established by its Constitution (1975), which establishes basic conflict of interest provisions for Ministers, MPs and civil servants. For example, Ministers may not enter into any transaction or engage in any enterprise or activity that might be expected to give rise to a conflict of interest. The Constitution (1975) is regulated by the Organic Law on the Duties and Responsibilities of Leadership (1975), which establishes conflict of interest restrictions, for Ministers, MPs, civil servants and their spouses and children under the voting age including: on holding government contracts, remaining in previous paid employment and the receipt of gifts. The Conflict of Interest provisions in this law, however, are not applicable to the Head of State. The Organic Law on the Duties and Responsibilities of Leadership (1975) also provides for disclosure requirements for the identification of conflicts of interest and the detection of illicit enrichment for Ministers, MPs and civil servants.
Public officials, to whom the Law on Leadership (1975) applies, are subject to submit declaration statements of any business connections or transactions to the Ombudsman Commission. Failure to do so can result in dismissal from office or position or some other penalty provided for by an Act of Parliament. The enforcement body is the Leadership Tribunal.
Papua New Guinea's Constitution of 1975 is the country's only legal authority pertaining to the freedom of information. It provides the public with a right of reasonable access to public documents subject to certain restrictions, such as information implicating national security, defense, trade secrets, and foreign relations, to name a few. Whether it is "reasonable" to access specific information is to be decided by the courts. No legislation exists on point, and there appears to be no FOI enforcement mechanism.